Shaykh Abdal Hakim :- 2019/Jan

Background

It is about time I post something from one of my favorite teachers, Shaykh Abdal Hakim.

As I made my way home ran into my home girl.

As we spoke she fessed to me that some of what I am saying might not make sense to her; as she is Muslim by marriage.

Paul

Paul bails me out yet again…

  1. Use of Freedom [ 1 Corinthians 9:19-23 ] ( Link )
    • NIV
      • I am all things to all people so that I can save a few
      • I do all this for the sake of the gospel, that I may share in its blessings
    • KJV
      • I am made all things to all men, that I might by all means save some.
        And this I do for the gospel’s sake, that I might be partaker thereof with you.
  2. Spiritual Wisdom ( 1 Corinthians 2:11-12 ) [ Link ]
    • No one knows the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God.
      We have not received the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we may understand what God has freely given us.…
  3. Wives [ 1 Peter 3:1-4 ] ( Link )
    • Wives, in the same way submit yourselves to your own husbands so that, if any of them do not believe the word, they may be won over without words by the behavior of their wives, when they see the purity and reverence of your lives.  Your beauty should be that of your inner self, the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is of great worth in God’s sight.
  4. The Council at Jerusalem ( Galatians 2:7-9 ) [ Link ]
    • On the contrary, they saw that I had been entrusted to preach the gospel to the Gentiles, just as Peter had been to the Jews. For God, who was at work in Peter’s apostleship to the Jews, was also at work in my apostleship to the Gentiles. And recognizing the grace that I had been given, James, Cephas, and John—those reputed to be pillarsgave me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship, so that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the Jews.…

 

Videos

  1. Heart Surgeon: Reconnecting the Heart
    • Profile
      • Our hearts are often distracted by the artificial and superficial all around us in the modern world. In this talk, Shaykh Abdal Hakim discusses some of the fundamental ayat (signs) in Allah’s creation that He in His Mercy has laid out as a means to revive the heart and purify ourselves from distraction.
    •  Videos

In depth

Heart Surgeon: Reconnecting the Heart

  1. Allah is always drawing our attention to his signs
  2. Contradictions
    • In most places the busyness of modern life does not allow one to enjoy nature
      • Does not enjoy deep breath
      • Revival in the soul
    • That is not so in some spaces
      • Mountains of Spain
        • A feeling that one is living life in concert with Nature
  3. Why
    • Koran is giving to us when those signs are being pulled back
  4. Life in concert with motion
  5. Most of use are urban dwellers
  6. Rather than feeling
  7. Life judges on how we can make money and how we spend it
  8. People of Calm
    • Allah wants us to be people of Calm
    • When we think of him, he wants to bring us to calmness
  9.  Re-connection
    • Reading the book and allowing our mind to bring us closer
    • Allowing Allah to reach us through Nature
  10. Modern World
    • The modern world can not make money out of our calmness & contentment
    • And, so it buries it
  11. Before time, but place in time
    • To effect our natural life
    • To awaken the spirit within us
    • Allah Creation can not be overthrown
    • Human beings have a natural tendency for destruction
    • Bear witness
    • Not see through the surface of the
    • Perceive senses
    • Not to be strange, but new

Do not exceed what is written ( 1st Corinthians 4:6 )

1st Corinthians 4:6

Now, brothers and sisters, I have applied these things to myself and Apollos for your benefit, so that you may learn from us the meaning of the saying, “Do not go beyond what is written.” Then you will not be puffed up in being a follower of one of us over against the other.

Pretext

Here is the pretext :-

1 Corinthians 10:16
Link ( KJV )

  • Now I beseech you, brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be no divisions among you; but that ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind and in the same judgment.
  • For it hath been declared unto me of you, my brethren, by them which are of the house of Chloe, that there are contentions among you.
  • Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ.
  • Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul?
  • I thank God that I baptized none of you, but Crispus and Gaius;
  • Lest any should say that I had baptized in mine own name.
  • And I baptized also the household of Stephanas: besides, I know not whether I baptized any other.

Reading

Let us read into the pretext a bit.

Paul is making a point of saying the following :-

  1. Uniformity in teaching is paramount
  2. What we hear and how we judge those words should reflect the rigor and essentials of the read and preached word
  3. Baptism is unto Jesus and not unto the preacher/teacher
  4. Trying to play the number game via baptismal should likely not be a motivation

Bible Verses

  1. Deuteronomy
    • he said to them, “Take to heart all these words I testify among you today, so that you may command your children to carefully follow all the words of this law. For they are not idle words to you, because they are your life, and by them you will live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess.”
      ( Deuteronomy 32:47 ) [ Link ]
  2.  Proverbs
    • The Words of Agur …Every word of God is flawless; He is a shield to those who take refuge in Him. Do not add to His words, lest He rebuke you and prove you a liar. ( Proverbs 30:6 ) [ Link ]
  3.  Matthew
    • But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. ( Matthew 15:9 )  [ Link ]
    • Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
      ( Matthew 28:20 )  [ Link ]
  4. Luke
    • The Walk to Emmaus
      • Then Jesus took them through the writings of Moses and all the prophets, explaining from all the Scriptures ( Luke 24:27 ) [ Link ]
  5. Acts
    • They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to the fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer. ( Acts 2:42 )  [ Link ]
  6.  Hebrews
    • They serve at a sanctuary that is a copy and shadow of what is in heaven. This is why Moses was warned when he was about to build the tabernacle: “See to it that you make everything according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.” ( Hebrew 8:5 )  [ Link ]
  7. 1st Peter
    • If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth ( 1 Peter 4:11 )
      [ Link ]
  8. 2 John
    • Anyone who runs ahead and does not continue in the teaching of Christ does not have God; whoever continues in the teaching has both the Father and the Son. If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not take them into your house or welcome them. Anyone who welcomes them shares in their wicked work. ( 2 John 9:11 )  [ Link ]
  9. Titus
    • Teaching Sound Doctrine
      • But as for you, speak the things that are consistent with sound doctrine. Older men are to be temperate, dignified, self-controlled, and sound in faith, love, and perseverance.
        Older women, likewise, are to be reverent in their behavior, not slanderers or addicted to much wine, but teachers of good.…( Titus 2:2 )  [ Link ]
      • …In the same way, urge the younger men to be self-controlled.
        In everything, show yourself to be an example by doing good works. In your teaching show integrity, dignity, and wholesome speech that is above reproach, so that anyone who opposes us will be ashamed to have nothing bad to say about us.… ( Titus 2:7 )  [ Link ]
  10. 2 Corinthians
    • But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God.
      ( 2 Corinthians 4:2 ) [ Link ]
  11.  Revelations
    • Your righteous acts have been revealed
      After this I looked, and the temple— the Tabernacle of the Testimony— was opened in heaven. 
      ( Revelation 15:5 )  [ Link ]
    • For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book:
      And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.
      ( Revelation 22:18-19 ) [ Link ]

Videos

  1. Jacob Prasch
    • Jacob Prasch Do we pray to the Holy Spirit April 14 2016 – Andrew R
      • Profile
        • Jacob Prasch Do we pray to the Holy Spirit April 14 2016 – Andrew R
      • Videos
        • Video #1
          Channel :- Teaching by Jacob Prasch: Do we pray to the Holy Spirit.
          Link

In depth

Jacob Prasch

Jacob Prasch Do we pray to the Holy Spirit April 14 2016 – Andrew R

  1. Gifts
    • When gifts become the main say, it leads to spiritual pride

Referenced Work

  1. bible.ca
    • The Expository Files
      • Do Not Exceed That Which Is Written
        Link
  2. Andy Sochor
    • planbibleteaching.com
      • Do Not Exceed What Is Written
        Link

 

In Closing

I really like Matthew Henry’s commentary on Acts 2:42-47 …
Link

2:42-47 In these verses we have the history of the truly primitive church, of the first days of it; its state of infancy indeed, but, like that, the state of its greatest innocence. They kept close to holy ordinances, and abounded in piety and devotion; for Christianity, when admitted in the power of it, will dispose the soul to communion with God in all those ways wherein he has appointed us to meet him, and has promised to meet us. The greatness of the event raised them above the world, and the Holy Ghost filled them with such love, as made every one to be to another as to himself, and so made all things common, not by destroying property, but doing away selfishness, and causing charity. And God who moved them to it, knew that they were quickly to be driven from their possessions in Judea. The Lord, from day to day, inclined the hearts of more to embrace the gospel; not merely professors, but such as were actually brought into a state of acceptance with God, being made partakers of regenerating grace. Those whom God has designed for eternal salvation, shall be effectually brought to Christ, till the earth is filled with the knowledge of his glory.

Biblical Hermeneutics – Does the idea of being “born again” have a root earlier than John/Peter (or Jesus)?

Question

In Stack Exchange – Biblical Hermeneutics, Soldarnal asked whether the idea of being “Born Again” has roots earlier than John 3:3, Jesus conversation with Nicodemus.

Link

 

Comment-er

ScottS, who has an “M.A. in Bible Exposition, Master of Divinity, and Ph.D. in Biblical Studies with a concentration in Systematic Theology” took a good swing at it and traced it back to Job.

Answer

Here is his proposed answer.

Nicodemus Should Have Known from the Old Testament

That the Old Testament is the source of the doctrine is confirmed by Christ Himself, for Nicodemus was supposed to have known these things. A slightly larger context helps see this:

Jn 3:3-10 (NKJV)

3 Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again [or “born from above,” see below], he cannot see the kingdom of God.” 4 Nicodemus said to Him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born?” 5 Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh [i.e. of woman], and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit [i.e. of God]. 7 Do not marvel that I said to you, ‘You must be born again.’ 8 The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but cannot tell where it comes from and where it goes. So is everyone who is born of the Spirit.” 9 Nicodemus answered and said to Him, “How can these things be?” 10 Jesus answered and said to him, “Are you the teacher of Israel, and do not know these things?

Verse 10 clearly indicates that Christ expected that Nicodemus should be following Christ’s previous statements because he was one of those that taught Israel the scriptures. So the concept certainly is not “new” with Jesus, but rather one contained in Israel’s teachings. However, that does not mean it is found as directly stated in the OT as what Christ is stating here.

Clarifying Christ’s Meaning

So Christ introduces the “born again” concept to the discussion and links it to the Jewish expectation of the kingdom of God (v.3). The phrase “born again” in the Greek is two words.

The first word is that typically used for one’s birth, an aorist passive form of the verb γεννάω (gennáō), to “be born” (BDAG).

The second word is ἄνωθεν (ánōthen), translated in the NT only in John 3:3 and 3:7 as “again.” In most uses of the NT, it means “from above” (including Jn 3:31; also Jn 19:11; Jam 1:17, 3:15, 3:17) or “from the top” (Mt 27:51; Mk 15:38; Jn 19:23). Occasionally it is a time reference (in context), and so “from the first” or “from the beginning” (Act 26:5). The Luke 1:3 usage is debated whether it should be a time reference or a source from above reference. Gal 4:9 it is usually untranslated, considered to be intensifying the typical word for “again” in that passage, πάλιν (pálin).

It is (1) the fact that Christ does not use the common word for “again,” πάλιν, in John 3, and (2) his paralleling of flesh/Spirit as sources of the two births that leads me to believe the better translation in all of John 3 is that used in v.31, “from above.” The idea of “again” was probably favored because of Nicodemus’ reply in v.4, where a repetition of a natural birth is inquired about (but even so, such is to him obviously an incredulous idea.

So the “born from above” Christ is referring to is a Spiritual birth, as he clarified in vv.5-8.

Therefore, to look for what Christ was referring to in the OT, we need to find references that (1) refer to the insufficiency of the fleshly birth, and (2) the necessity of the spiritual birth, especially as relates to the kingdom of God.

The Need and Remedy are both Understood in Job

The idea that the first, natural birth from a woman is insufficient is expressed in the book of Job.

Job 15:14—“What is man, that he could be pure? And he who is born of a woman, that he could be righteous? (cf. Job 4:17)

Job 25:4—How then can man be righteous before God? Or how can he be pure who is born of a woman?

Through these rhetorical questions, both righteousness and purity are understood to be impossible for one merely “born of a woman.”

But Elihu gives the answer to these questions in his statement to Job:

Job 33:23-30

23 “If there is a messenger for him, A mediator, one among a thousand, To show man His uprightness, 24 Then He is gracious to him, and says, ‘Deliver him from going down to the Pit; I have found a ransom’; 25 His flesh shall be young like a child’s, He shall return to the days of his youth26 He shall pray to God, and He will delight in him, He shall see His face with joy, For He restores to man His righteousness27 Then he looks at men and says, ‘I have sinned, and perverted what was right, And it did not profit me.’ 28 He will redeem his soul from going down to the Pit, And his life shall see the light29 Behold, God works all these things, twice, in fact, three times with a man, 30 To bring back his soul from the Pit, That he may be enlightened with the light of life.

Notice how the theme in this passage also parallels Christ’s later statement in John 3 about his death. He is the “mediator” to “show man His uprightness” of Job 33:23. He is the “ransom” found (v.24). Through this mediator, one is made new from above, both physically (flesh, v.25) and spiritually (righteousness, v.26), which newness comes by a person’s repentance (v.27) and is a redeeming from the spirit going down into the pit (i.e. grave, v.28), and a bringing of the flesh “back” from the grave (v.30).

Note the similar themes between Job 33 and John 3 (some of these connections are more direct, some more conceptual… I leave it for each one reading to decide how well matched conceptually the parallels I show are):

 

Job 33:23-30 John 3
A messenger v.23 Christ’s witness v.11, v.32-34
A mediator v.23 The Son from heaven as mediator v.13-16
Show uprightness v.23 Christ recognized as godly v.2, above all v.31
Deliverance from pit v.24 No perishing v.15, salvation v.17
Ransom v.24 Son is given v.16
Flesh like a child’s v.25 Born again v.3-8
Return to youth v.25 Born again v.3-8
Redeemer prays to God v.26 [no parallel found]
God delights in Redeemer v.26 God with Christ v.2, loves Son v.35
Restores righteousness v.26 Believer not condemned v.18
Admission of unrighteousness v.27 Belief is key v.15-16, 18, 33
Redemption from going into Pit v.28 Believers not perish, have eternal life v.15, 36
Redeemed one’s life sees light v.28 Doers of truth go to light v.21
Three works of God for man v.29 [no parallel found]*
Redemption back from the Pit v.30 [no parallel found]**
Enlightenment by life v.30 Doers of truth deeds enlightened v.21

 

 

  1. * Unless the three works are as messenger, mediator, and judge, all ideas seen in both Job and John
  2. **Resurrection is not forefront in John 3, but both the concept of eternal life (v.15-16, 36) and experiencing the kingdom (v.3, 5) have that as a background necessity.While exploring potential parallels between Job 33 and John 3 is intriguing, for the question here, the passage in Job (especially v.25) is speaking of a change like a new birth, and it ties to the resurrection from the grave (v.30). These ideas are tied more directly to the Spirit and kingdom in later revelation…

 

Sourced

Sourced to ScottS as posted in Stack Exchange / Biblical Hermeneutics.