Code Switching



Chandra Arthur

  1. Taught from a young age to culturally code switch, Chandra Arthur discusses how learning default conformity in different settings now creates access and opportunity in her adult life as an underrepresented minority (URM) in tech.
  2. Chandra Arthur is the founder and CEO of Friendish, a fun, new app designed to help people easily make friends based on shared interests. Her commitment to assisting others in making lasting, quality friendships were born out of a personal need when she returned home from Germany after four years abroad and found it difficult to make new like-minded friends once back in the states.
  3. As a second-time startup founder, she brings a wealth of knowledge and experience to the startup landscape.
  4. Chandra is passionate about being a Black woman in tech and hopes that through Friendish, she is able to build and grow a successful, sustainable business and become a role model for young women of color who aspire to careers in tech. Chandra is also a co-founder of B.O.T (Black Orlando Tech), a group created to mobilize and support Black creatives in Central Florida. When she’s not working on Friendish, she spends most of her time with her sweet and very energetic Black Lab puppy, Trudy Garland.

Nicole Johnson

  1. Nicole Johnson studies Ethics, Management & Production in the Arts. Nicole is a delegate of the United Nations’ International Year of Youth Program. She received the 2012 UN Allykatzz “Leads Linking Youth” award after speaking in the ECOSOC chamber on global partnerships and community. Nicole received a 2013 award for her work in youth education and activism from the NYU Reynolds Program in Social Entrepreneurship.
  2. After relocating to New York from Miami at age 15, Nicole launched a 501c3 non-profit production company production that raises funds and awareness for both domestic and international causes. As founder and creative director of Javanna Productions M.O.V.E. (Motivation Opportunity Vision Entertainment), Nicole encourages humanity and world citizenship through the arts.
  3. Nicole is currently developing a venture to provide underserved students with affordable and accessible higher education.
  4. Vanna membership
    • The Vanna membership provides students with practical skills and networking opportunities to prepare them for job interviews in the entertainment industry.
    • URL

Katelynn Duggins

  1. Some people are not familiar with how to handle themselves in societal conditions other than what they are used to and they will flop in social and cultural situations or be intimidated. But then there are some people who can maneuver easily in any social and cultural situation and blend in easily because they know and understand how to code-switch.
  2. Katelynn explains when and how to code-switch. Katelynn is a senior at Mays High School.
  3. She was raised in Cincinnati, Ohio, and moved to Atlanta, Georgia in 2015.
  4. Growing up she faced many struggles that have shaped her to be the young woman she is today. Despite her struggles and being ridiculed by others, she stayed focused on her education and managed to obtain and maintain a spot in the top 10% of her graduating class while successfully balancing many extracurricular activities and strenuous academic courses. Throughout her journey, the most important thing to her is staying humble and true to who she really is.
  5. She is a member of the BELLES Leadership club and served at Emory University during the summer as a junior intern. She aspires to become a pediatrician.
  6. This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at



Chandra Arthur

  1. TEDx Talks
    • The Cost of Code-Switching | Chandra Arthur | TEDxOrlando
      • Videos
        • Video #1
          Channel:- TEDx Talks
          Date Published:- 2021-August-22nd

Nicole Johnson

  1. The (re)birth of the double consciousness | Nicole Johnson | TEDxGallatin 2014
    • Videos
      • Video #1
        Channel:- TEDx Talks
        Published:- 2014-May-22nd

Katelynn Duggins

  1. TEDx Talks
    • To Code Switch or Not to Code Switch? That is the Question. | Katelynn Duggins | TEDxMaysHighSchool
      • Videos
        • Video #1
          Channel:- TEDx Talks
          Date Published:- 2081-February-9th



Chandra Arthur

  1. The expectations of code-switching threaten true diversity



Chandra Arthur

  1. Mugula Kikawa
    • I didn’t know this was called code-switching. I do it all the time. Every time I get stopped by a cop, I emphasize my African accent. You have no idea, how many times it’s saved me.
  2. Vic J
    • I am going to show this to my Grade 11 & 12 Psych students. We are learning about groups and what it takes to fit in, as well as the complicated intricacies that “Third Culture Kids’ need to maneuver, and how all of those affect identity creation. ( There are about 70 first languages in my school.) Thank you!
      • Thomas Smith
        • You should also introduce them to Communication Accommodation Theory, as well as Social Identity Theory. They are very similar, and a little more fitting to what she was talking about. I’m not saying she is wrong, as social science theories become multi-disciplinary, but usually, code-switching is reserved to (Cognitive and Socio) linguistics.
      • ZeusKnocksYouOut
        • Why not teach kids to stand out rather than telling them that they have to fit in?… group identities are not paramount. INDIVIDUALISM IS PARAMOUNT(the enlightenment and all that). This is the problem today – postmodernism and neo-Marxism. it’s unfulfilling to a person to have their group identity be what they ultimately define themselves as because that’s not who they really are… That being said as a teacher you should encourage your students to act appropriately in an academic setting. Standards are good. Standards = values = fundamentals to build off of and leads to goals to aim for. Goals and aims are what is fulfilling in life and give people something to live for… students are being brainwashed by this postmodernism that possesses many teachers in the West which is a contradictory and dangerous ideology that leaves kids with a hollow sense of being by pushing their responsibility on others by making sure others tolerate them. Consequently, this gives these kids the idea that everyone HAS to accept them when they most certainly do not, and the students shouldn’t care. We can find a way forward to a more just society without pushing the responsibility of living onto everyone else, and that’s by making sure students take responsibility for themselves. Students need to grow up in school.
        • PS. We had the ultimate identity politics test in the 20th century and the result was 100 million deaths. We don’t want to play that game in the West now.
  3. David W.
    • Code-switching is synonymous with sounding/acting politically correct and it’s a deception. We live in a very diverse world and should learn to appreciate other people’s cultures, languages, and behaviors while maintaining our real selves at the same time.
  4. Claire Panda
    • The Hate You Give is an amazing movie that touches on this topic
  5. Jackalope Gaming
    • A thought I had while watching this: I’m autistic, and I code switch too since I have to be seen as “normal” in some places but in others, I can whistle to myself however I like or do other stimming.
  6. komiczar
    • Code-Switching for the purpose of communication is understandable. Sign language is an example of the non-deaf to deaf trying to understand.
    • This lecture is more about Humoring crazy people who are potentially harmful to one’s person or economic circumstances. This humoring is the gateway to bipolar schizophrenia that blurs the truth of oneself from oneself, such that one will not speak truth to power within oneself, because one does not know oneself.
    • It also hinders one from speaking truth to power external to oneself.


Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s