Git – Client – Commands

Background

Let us review some of the GIT commands one will use each day.

List of Command

 

Command Description Syntax Link
File Operation
Add Add a new file git add <filename> Link
Remove Remove an existing file git rm <filename> Link
Rename or Move Rename or move an existing file git mv <filename> <folder> Link
Repository
Clone Clone Remote Repository to Local Repository git clone Link
Commit Commit to Local Repository git commit Link
Push Upload Local Repository to Remote Repository git push Link
Pull Download Remote Repository to Local Repository git pull Link
Reset Reset Changes made to Local Repository git reset Link
Git Versioning
status Review Git Status git status Link
log Review Git Log git log Link
show Review Git Show git show Link

Commands

Git – help

Syntax


git --help

Sample


git --help

Output – GUI

Git – Version

Syntax


git --version

Sample


git --version

Output

Output – GUI

Output – Text


$ git --version
git version 2.29.2.windows.2

 

Git – add

Outline

Add file.

Syntax


git add [filename]

Sample


git dbo.kjv.sql

Git – rm

Outline

Remove file.

Syntax


git rm [filename]

Sample


git rm dbo.kjvduplicate.sql

Git – mv

Outline

Rename or move a file.

Syntax


git mv [filename] [filename]

git mv [filename] [directory]

Sample


git mv dbo.kjvduplicate.sql deprecated

Git – clone

Outline

Create a local repository sourced from Remote Repository

Syntax

Syntax – Basic


git clone [remote-repository]

Sample


git clone https://github.com/DanielAdeniji/Sample 

Syntax – Folder


git clone [remote-repository] [target-folder]

Sample


git clone https://github.com/DanielAdeniji/Sample sampling

Output

Output – Image

Output – Text

+ git clone https://github.com/DanielAdeniji/Sample sampling
Cloning into 'sampling'...
remote: Enumerating objects: 40, done.
remote: Total 40 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0), pack-reused 40
Receiving objects: 100% (40/40), 6.17 KiB | 526.00 KiB/s, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (15/15), done.

Git – commit

Outline

Commit Changes locally.

Syntax


git commit

Sample


git commit -m "Added kjv.sql"

Git – push

Outline

Upload Local Repository to Remote Repository.

Syntax


git push

Sample


git push

Git – pull

Outline

Download Local Repository from Remote Repository.

Syntax


git pull

Sample


git pull

Git – reset

Outline

Rollback changes made to Local Repository.

Syntax


git reset

Sample


git reset

G

 

Git – status

Outline

Get the status of the current repository

Syntax


git status

Sample


git status

Output

Output – Image

Output – Text


$ git status
On branch master
Your branch is up to date with 'origin/master'.

Changes to be committed:
(use "git restore --staged <file>..." to unstage)
modified: gitAdd.cmd

Untracked files:
(use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed)

Explanation

  1. Modified Files
    • gitAdd.cmd

 

Git – log

Outline

Read out the log of changes

  1. Basic
    • git log
  2. Filter by author
    • Info
      • The person who issued git add, git rm
    • Syntax
      • git log –author
        • git log –author=<author-id>
  3. Filter By Committer
    • Info
      • The person who issued git commit
    • Syntax
      • git log –committer
        • git log –committer=<committer-id>
    • Metadata
      • Filtering ID:- Author ID, Committer ID
        • IDs are case sensitive
          • LarryScott and lscott are different
        • Part ( Substring ) matches
          • Larry will match LarryScott and LarryBrown
  4. Filter by date
    • Info
      • Filter by date before and after
    • Syntax
      • git log –after
        • git log –after=<date>
    • Sample
      • git log — after 2020-12-01
    • Metadata
      • date’s syntax is YYYY-MM-DD ( ISO )

Syntax


git log

Sample

Sample – Basic


git log

Sample – Filter by Author

 

git log --author=DanielAdeniji

Output

Output – Image

Explanation

Git Log Mode

Image

Explanation
  1. When you enter “git log” you are taking into a command mode
  2. Please enter the letter q to exit the command mode

 

Filter by Date – Before

Syntax
Syntax – Before
 

git log --before YYYY-MM-DD 

Output

Filter by Date After
Syntax – Filter by Date After
 

git log --after YYYY-MM-DD 

Sample – Filter by Date After
 

git log --after 2020-12-01

Output
Output – Image

 

List log – Single Line at a time
Syntax – oneline
 

git log --oneline 

Sample – oneline
 

git log --oneline

Output
Output – Image

 

 

List log – Pretty
Syntax – pretty
 

git log --pretty=format:"<format>" 

Sample – pretty
 

git log --pretty=format:"%n, %ar : %s"

Output
Output – Image

 

 

Git – Show

Outline

Shows log messages and textual differences between versions.

Syntax


git show

Sample


git show

Output

Output – Image

Explanation

Git Log Mode

Image

Explanation
  1. When you enter “git show” you are taking into a command mode
  2. Please enter the letter q to exit the command mode

 

References

  1. Aaron Tabor
    • The Geek Stuff
      • 10 Essential Git Log Command Examples on Linux to View Commits
        Link
  2. Git-SCM

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