God’s Call of Women ( Old Testament)

 

Sarai/Sarah

  1. Genesis
    • Sarah Turns Against Hagar ( Genesis 21:11-13 )
      • And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called.

Rebekah

  1. Genesis
    • Jacob and Esau ( Genesis 25:20-24 )
      • And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah to wife, the daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Padanaram, the sister to Laban the Syrian.
      • And Isaac intreated the Lord for his wife, because she was barren: and the Lord was intreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.
      • And the children struggled together within her; and she said, If it be so, why am I thus? And she went to enquire of the Lord.
      • And the Lord said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger than the other people; and the elder shall serve the younger.
        And when her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb.

Miriam

  1. Exodus
    • Moses Offering ( Exodus 2:1-4 )
      • And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi.
      • And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months.
      • And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river’s brink.
      • And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.
    • Prophetess ( Exodus 15:20 )
      • And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.
  2. Numbers
    • Moses marries a Cushite woman
      • Versus
        • And Miriam and Aaron spake against Moses because of the Ethiopian woman whom he had married: for he had married an Ethiopian woman. And they said, Hath the Lord indeed spoken only by Moses? hath he not spoken also by us? And the Lord heard it. ( Now the man Moses was very meek, above all the men which were upon the face of the earth.) …
        • 13 And Moses cried unto the Lord, saying, Heal her now, O God, I beseech thee.
          14 And the Lord said unto Moses, If her father had but spit in her face, should she not be ashamed seven days? let her be shut out from the camp seven days, and after that let her be received in again.
          15 And Miriam was shut out from the camp seven days: and the people journeyed not till Miriam was brought in again.
      • Commentary
        • Rabbi Louis Ginzberg wrote the anger of God to them ( Link )
          •  “…I Myself ordered him to abstain from conjugal life, and the word he received was revealed to him clearly and not in dark speeches, he saw the Divine presence from behind when It passed by him. Wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against a man like Moses, who is, moreover, My servant?
            Your censure is directed to Me, rather than to him, for ‘the receiver is no better than the thief,’ and if Moses is not worthy of his calling, I, his Master, deserve censure
            .” — Legends of the Jews vol. III

 

Esther

  1. Esther
    • Ahasuerus ( Esther 1 )
      • Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus, (this is Ahasuerus which reigned, from India even unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and seven and twenty provinces:)
      • That in those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,
      • In the third year of his reign, he made a feast unto all his princes and his servants; the power of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, being before him
      • To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the crown royal, to shew the people and the princes her beauty: for she was fair to look on.
      • But the queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s commandment by his chamberlains: therefore was the king very wroth, and his anger burned in him.
      • Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so was the king’s manner toward all that knew law and judgment
      • 15 What shall we do unto the queen Vashti according to law, because she hath not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains?
      • 16 And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that are in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus.
      • 17 For this deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husbands in their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came not.
      • 22 For he sent letters into all the king’s provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that it should be published according to the language of every people.
    • Mordecai ( Esther 2:5-15 )
      • Now in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite;
      •  Who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captivity which had been carried away with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away.
      •  And he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle’s daughter: for she had neither father nor mother, and the maid was fair and beautiful; whom Mordecai, when her father and mother were dead, took for his own daughter.
      • 15 Now when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail the uncle of Mordecai, who had taken her for his daughter, was come to go in unto the king, she required nothing but what Hegai the king’s chamberlain, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Esther obtained favour in the sight of all them that looked upon her.
    • Sleepless Nights ( Esther 6:1-3 )
      • On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring the book of records of the chronicles; and they were read before the king.And it was found written, that Mordecai had told of Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king’s chamberlains, the keepers of the door, who sought to lay hand on the king Ahasuerus.

        And the king said, What honour and dignity hath been done to Mordecai for this? Then said the king’s servants that ministered unto him, There is nothing done for him.

    • Mordecai ( Esther 10:3 )
      • Mordecai the Jew was second in rank to King Xerxes, preeminent among the Jews, and held in high esteem by his many fellow Jews, because he worked for the good of his people and spoke up for the welfare of all the Jews.

 

Noadiah

  1. Nehemiah
    • Intimidate Me
      • Remember Tobiah and Sanballat, my God, because of what they have done; remember also the prophet Noadiah and how she and the rest of the prophets have been trying to intimidate me.
        ( Nehemiah 6:14 )

In Closing

Rabbi Louis Ginzberg :-

Your censure is directed to Me, rather than to him, for ‘the receiver is no better than the thief,’ and if Moses is not worthy of his calling, I, his Master, deserve censure.” — Legends of the Jews vol. III

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